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MOUNT PELEE

Interesting Facts

  • The Structure of Mount Pelee is known as a Stratovolcano or a Composite Cone.
  • Characteristics of this type of volcano are viscous lava and exploded tephra (pyroclastic material ejected from a volcano) build up in alternating layers, to form a steep-sided volcano.
  • The type of pyroclastic flow that came from Mount Pelee is known as a nuee ardente (Davis, T. N. 1980).
  • The nuee can reach speeds close to 100 miles an hour, making them extremely hard to escape. This was responsible for destroying the city of St. Pierre, killing almost 30 000 people(Davis, T. N. 1980). 
  • Mount Pelee had volcanic spines of solid lava growing up from the center of the volcano. One grew to be around 1000 feet high before it collapsed in 1903 (Volcano World 2005).
  • "Peleean style eruptions [named after Mount Pelee] are characterized by the formation of domes" (Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, 2002).
  • In 1902 a lava dome was formed when Mount Pelee erupted, destroying St. Pierre.
  • There were only two survivors of the 1902 eruption: "one because he was in a poorly ventilated, dungeon-like jail cell and the other who somehow made his way safely through the burning city" (Cascades Volcano Observatory 2003).

 

 

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Figure 7-What is left of St. Pierre after Mount Pelee erupted

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Figure 8-Mount Pelee's volcanic spine

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Figure 9-a notice about the damage of Mount Pelee

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Figure 10-the destructive nuee ardente

Home | Location | The Formation of Mount Pelee | Explosion!! | Interesting Facts | Satellite Photos | Works Cited

Davis, T. N. "Nuees Ardentes." Alaska Science Forum. 10 Apr. 1980. 04 Jan. 2008 <http://www.gi.alaska.edu/ScienceForum/ASF3/390.html>. 

 

"DESCRIPTION: Mont PeléE, West Indies." Cascades Volcano Observatory. 13 Jan. 2003. U.S. Geological Survey. 2 Jan. 2008 http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/Volcanoes/WestIndies/Pelee/description_mont_pelee.html.

 

 "Mount Pelee Eruption (1902)." Vic Camp-the Eruption of Mount Pelee, Martinique. 02 Jan. 2008 <http://www.geology.sdsu.edu/how_volcanoes_work/Pelee.html>. 

 

"Mount Pelee, West Indies." Volcano World. 2005. The Department of Geosciences At Oregon State University. 3 Jan. 2008 <http://volcano.und.edu/vwdocs/volc_images/img_mt_pelee.html>. 

 

"The Most Active Volcano on Earth?" Hawaiian Volcano Observatory. 25 Mar. 2002. U.S Geological Survey. 3 Jan. 2008 <http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov/volcanowatch/2002/02_03_21.html>.